What is the best hay for rabbits? Timothy and Orchard hays are best, but you can learn about all the different options here.

Is Timothy Hay the Best Hay for Rabbits?

Hey there, BunnyGang! 

Have you ever wondered what the best hay for rabbits is? Watch this short video for a quick summary about this topic:



When it comes to keeping your pet rabbit healthy and happy, a well-balanced diet is a great place to start. Hay is a crucial dietary component for any bunny, providing essential fiber and other nutrients, dental health benefits, and even mental stimulation. However, not all hay is created equal.

For something that’s going to make up approximately 85% of your rabbit's diet,
 you want to use the highest-quality hay possible. Arming yourself with the proper information will help you and your small pet select the type that works best for you. 

Bunny with a bowl of Timothy hay, alfafa hay

 

It’s generally agreed that Timothy hay and Orchard hay are the best overall choices for a rabbit’s diet. However, if those hays aren’t immediately available in your area, or if your rabbit has specific health needs, it may be useful to be aware of some of the benefits and concerns of other types of hay you may encounter.

The consumption of hay provides several essential health benefits for rabbits like:

  • Digestive Health: Hay is rich in dietary fiber, which is crucial for maintaining a healthy digestive system in rabbits. It aids in preventing gastrointestinal issues like constipation and diarrhea by regulating the movement of food through the digestive tract.
  • Dental Health: Rabbits have continuously growing teeth, and chewing on hay helps wear down their teeth naturally. This action prevents dental problems, such as overgrown teeth or dental malocclusions, which can be painful and require veterinary intervention.
  • Healthy Weight Management: Hay is a low-calorie food source, making it an excellent choice for helping rabbits maintain a healthy weight. It allows them to graze and nibble throughout the day without consuming excess calories.
  • Prevention of Hairballs: Rabbits are known for grooming themselves regularly, which can lead to the ingestion of fur. Hay's fibrous texture aids in moving ingested fur through the digestive system, reducing the risk of hairball formation.
  • Nutrient Intake: Hay, especially high-quality varieties like Timothy hay, contains essential nutrients like vitamins (A, D, E, and K ), minerals (calcium and phosphorus), and protein. These nutrients contribute to a balanced diet and overall health.
  • Mental Stimulation: The act of foraging and nibbling on hay provides mental stimulation for rabbits, preventing boredom and promoting their psychological well-being.
  • Hydration: While hay for rabbits is not a source of water, its moisture content can help contribute to a rabbit's overall hydration, especially when fed alongside fresh water.
A beautiful hay field of Alfalfa hay, alfafa hay , Timothy hay , or Orchard hay for rabbits


Hay plays a pivotal role in a pet rabbit's diet, providing a range of health benefits that encompass digestive health, dental maintenance, weight management, and many other facets of your pet's well-being.

Hay should be the primary food in a rabbit's diet, and offering a variety of hay for rabbits types can further enrich their diets and keep them interested in getting their daily servings in. If you’re curious about the ways that rabbits’ diets affects their health, you can find more about
7 of the most common health issues for rabbits.

Two bunnies enjoying Timothy hay , hay for rabbits, alfafa hay

 

6 type of bunny hay , hay for rabbits

Timothy Hay

Timothy hay is pretty universally considered to be the gold standard for rabbit nutrition. It is a high-fiber grass hay with an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals for your furry friend.

  • Fiber: Timothy hay is rich in dietary fiber, which promotes healthy digestion in rabbits. It helps prevent gastrointestinal issues, such as G.I. Stasis, hairballs, and obesity by keeping the digestive tract moving and functioning properly.

  • Good balance of protein, calcium, and calories: As a food that your rabbit will ideally be munching on all throughout the day, the affects of a hay that is too rich in protein, calcium, or calories can accumulate quickly, putting undue stress on your pet's kidneys, urinary tract, heart, and other organs. This balance of nutrients is specifically why Timothy hay and Orchard hay are considered to be the overall best hays for your bunny's health.

  • Dental Health: Like other high-quality hays, chewing on Timothy hay helps wear down a rabbit's constantly growing teeth. This natural abrasion prevents dental problems and ensures your rabbit's teeth remain healthy.

  • Nutritional Value: Timothy hay contains essential nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin D, calcium, and protein, contributing to overall well-being.

  • Weight Management: Due to its lower protein and calorie content, Timothy hay is suitable for rabbits of all ages, including those who need to manage their weight.

Timothy hay is high in dietary fiber, promoting optimal digestive health in rabbits by ensuring regular gut motility and preventing issues like hairballs and obesity. It also plays a crucial role in maintaining dental health, as the constant chewing it requires helps wear down a rabbit's ever-growing teeth, preventing dental problems. Additionally, Timothy hay provides essential nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin D, calcium, and protein, contributing to your rabbit's overall well-being.

It's important to note that Timothy hay may not be suitable for young, growing rabbits, which require higher levels of protein and calories. Nevertheless, for most adult rabbits, Timothy hay remains the best choice in terms of nutrition. Always consult with a veterinarian to determine the most appropriate hay and dietary balance for your specific rabbit's needs.

Orchard Grass Hay

Orchard grass hay is another excellent option for your pet rabbit, offering several benefits:

  • Palatability: Many rabbits find orchard grass hay especially tasty, making it a great choice for picky eaters.

  • Nutritional Value: Like Timothy hay, orchard grass hay is high in fiber and provides essential nutrients, contributing to your rabbit's overall health. Orchard hay provides slightly less protein and fiber than Timothy hay does, but otherwise is very similar in its nutrient profile, making it a very solid second best choice.

  • Hypoallergenic: Many pet owners who have bad grass and hay allergies say that Orchard hay is a lifesaver. If your allergies have been bothered by having Timothy hay in your home, Orchard hay could be the answer you've been looking for.

  • Variety: Offering a variety of hays in your rabbit's diet can help prevent boredom and encourage them to eat a balanced diet.

Orchard grass hay is known for its palatability, making it an excellent choice for picky eaters. Its high fiber content supports healthy digestion and helps prevent gastrointestinal issues like hairballs and obesity. Like Timothy hay, Orchard grass hay provides essential nutrients such as fiber, vitamins, and minerals, contributing to your rabbit's overall health.

For the many pet owners who are allergic to grass or hay, Orchard grass has been shown to evoke a much lower allergic response. However, one potential drawback is its slightly lower fiber content compared to Timothy hay, which might be a concern for rabbits with specific dietary needs.

Nonetheless, Orchard grass hay can be a terrific cornerstone to a rabbit's diet. Its appealing taste for rabbits and hypoallergenic properties make it the preferred choice for many. Consulting with a veterinarian can help determine the suitability of Orchard grass hay for your individual rabbit's dietary requirements.

Though Timothy hay and Orchard hay are widely considered the best types of hay for rabbit health, it can be useful to know some of the benefits and concerns for other types of hay that may be available.

Two pet rabbits eating rabbit hay , hay for rabbits, alfafa hay

 

Meadow Hay

Meadow hay is a blend of various grasses and plants found in natural meadows. This diverse mix can offer some unique benefits for your rabbit:

  • Variety: Meadow hay provides a diverse range of textures, flavors, and nutrients, keeping your rabbit engaged and satisfied.

  • Mental Stimulation: The mix of different plants in meadow hay can provide mental stimulation for your rabbit, as they explore and nibble on the various components.

  • Nutrient Variation: Depending on the specific plants in the blend, meadow hay can introduce various nutrients into your rabbit's diet, enhancing its overall nutritional profile.

Meadow hay provides variety, both in terms of taste and texture, which can stimulate a rabbit's interest in their diet. It often contains a diverse mix of grasses and plants found in natural meadows, introducing different nutrients and flavors to the rabbit's palate. This variety can help combat dietary monotony and provide mental stimulation for your pet.

However, one potential downside of meadow hay is its variability; the nutrient content can fluctuate depending on the specific plants present in the blend. This makes it crucial to monitor your rabbit's overall nutritional intake and ensure they receive a balanced diet by incorporating other types of hay like Timothy or orchard grass.

When used as part of a diversified hay rotation, meadow hay can be a valuable addition to your rabbit's diet, promoting both physical and mental well-being. Consulting with a veterinarian can help tailor the diet to your rabbit's specific needs and preferences.

Bermuda Grass Hay

Bermuda grass hay can be another suitable option for your pet rabbit.

  • Low in Calcium: Bermuda grass hay is naturally lower in calcium than other hays, making it a good choice for rabbits prone to urinary issues like bladder stones.

  • Dental Health: Chewing on Bermuda grass hay helps maintain healthy teeth while providing the essential fiber for digestion.

Bermuda grass hay is relatively low in calcium, making it a suitable choice for rabbits prone to urinary issues like bladder stones. It provides essential fiber for digestion and promotes healthy dental wear as rabbits chew on it. However, Bermuda grass hay tends to be lower in fiber and protein compared to hays like Timothy or orchard grass, which might not provide enough nutritional content for some rabbits, especially those with higher energy requirements. Therefore, while Bermuda grass hay can be a beneficial component of a rabbit's diet, it is often recommended as part of a varied hay rotation to ensure a well-rounded nutritional profile and prevent dietary monotony. Consulting with a veterinarian can help determine if Bermuda grass hay is suitable for your specific rabbit's needs.

Alfalfa Hay

  • Nutrient dense: Alfalfa hay is high in protein, calcium, and calories. This can be useful for young rabbits or those who are pregnant or lactating, but is not considered ideal otherwise.

  • Calcium & Calories: High levels of calcium are linked to urinary tract and bladder issues for guinea pigs, and calorically dense food is linked to obesity. As hay is the main staple of a rabbit’s diet, these should be significant concerns.

Alfalfa hay is rich in nutrients, including protein, calcium, and calories compared to other hays like Timothy or Orchard grass hay. This nutrient profile can be beneficial for young, growing rabbits, pregnant or lactating does, and rabbits that are significantly underweight. However, the high calcium content in Alfalfa hay can be detrimental to adult rabbits, as excess calcium can lead to urinary issues like bladder stones. Additionally, the increased caloric intake may contribute to obesity in less active rabbits. Therefore, while alfalfa hay has its merits, it should be used sparingly and in specific circumstances under the guidance of a veterinarian to ensure it aligns with your rabbit's age, health, and dietary requirements.

Oat Hay

  • Taste: Many rabbits like the taste of Oat hay and it can entice picky eaters.

  • Nutrient variability: Higher calorie density and carbohydrate content can cause weight gain and digestive problems.

Oat hay is typically quite palatable, and many rabbits enjoy its taste and texture. It provides essential fiber for digestive health and helps prevent issues like hairballs and obesity. However, one significant drawback is its potential variability in nutritional content. Oat hay can have higher protein and calorie levels compared to other grass hays like Timothy or orchard grass, which may not be suitable for all rabbits, especially those prone to weight gain.

Additionally, oat hay might contain oat seeds, which can be high in carbohydrates, and excessive consumption of these seeds could lead to weight issues and potential digestive upset. As a result, while oat hay can be a part of a balanced diet for some rabbits, it should be used cautiously and in moderation, and its nutritional content should be monitored closely to ensure it aligns with the specific dietary needs of your pet rabbit.

Consulting with a veterinarian is advisable to determine if oat hay is appropriate for your individual rabbit's health and dietary requirements.

GuineaDad Timothy hay & GuineaDad Orchard Hay , rabbit hay

 

Incorporating a variety of hays into your pet rabbit's diet can be a good way to keep them interested and ensure they receive the essential nutrients and benefits each type offers. Timothy hay is a reliable staple, while orchard grass, meadow hay, and Bermuda grass can add variety and cater to specific dietary needs. Always consult with your veterinarian to determine the best hay or hay blend for your individual rabbit's health and dietary requirements. Providing your furry friend with a diverse and nutritious hay diet will help keep them happy and healthy for years to come.

Finding the best rabbit hay in your area can be difficult, which is why an autoship option for GuineaDad Timothy hay or GuineaDad Orchard hay can be invaluable. For more on what makes GuineaDad’s Timothy hay and Orchard hay the highest-quality hays available for rabbits and guinea pigs, and to sign up for your Autoship order, you can click here to find what you’re looking for.

Happy Snacking, Bunny Gang!

~ BunnyDad

Back to blog

Leave a comment